Sensors for Environment, Health and Security

Advanced Materials and Technologies, Research
(497 Seiten)
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M.-I. Baraton
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Sensors for Environment, Health and Security: Advanced Materials and Technologies, Vichy, France, 16-27 September 2007.
"The growing concern worldwide for air pollution, biological threats and security issues has led to an increasing demand for sensors in multiple application areas, thus calling for a fast development of small, reliable, inexpensive sensors which can be easily integrated in various devices and equipments. Research efforts worldwide span diverse areas, including new materials such as nanotubes and nanofibers, miniaturization of electronics through nanotechnology, or integration of several sensors in artificial noses, to name only a few. Most of the time, the research results reported at international conferences are scattered over different disciplines, such as materials science, electronic engineering, optics and photonics, nanotechnology, biochemistry and medicine, information technology, etc, thus making it difficult to get a clear picture of the advances in the sensing field.
The present book covers the main topics presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Sensors for Environment, Health and Security: Advanced Materials and Technologies" which was held in Vichy (France) on September 16-27, 2007. The book aims at providing the reader with the most recent knowledge in sensing materials and sensor technologies, encompassing different kinds of materials and technologies (semiconductors, photonics, self-assembling, biology, etc). The detection of various analytes or signals (air pollution, biodetection, nuclear detection, etc) finds applications in environmental monitoring, health monitoring and seirity. The underlying physical and chemical phenomena responsible for the detection mechanisms, the most advanced technologies for sensor processing and fabrication, and the future challenges to be taken up are addressed in details by outstanding experts from the European Union, Russia and the USA."
"Preface. Materials And Technologies.Metal Oxide Nanocomposites: Synthesis and Characterization in Relation with Gas Sensing Phenomena; A. Gaskov and M. Rumyantseva.- 2. Spectroscopic Study ofthe Gas Detection Mechanism by Semiconductor Chemical Sensors; M-I. Baraton.- Material Growth and Fundamental Material Characterization Techniques; S. B. Sadale and G. Kiriakidis.- 4. Mesoporous Indium Oxide for Gas Sensor Applications; T. Andreu et al.- Synthesis and Examination of Hexagonal Tungsten Oxide;Nanocrystals for Electrochromic and Sensing Applications; C. Balázsi et al.- Tin Oxide from Organo-Metallic Compounds: Material's Properties and Sensor Characteristics; R. Pavelko et al.- Defect Chemistry of Sensor Materials; F. Manea et al.- Light-Induced Generation of Singlet Oxygen in Porous Silicon; V. Timoshenko.- Selectivity Improvement of Semiconductor Gas Sensors by Filters; A. Ryzhikov et al.- Systems and Set-ups for Effective Sensing Response Applications; G. Kiriakidis et al.- Carbon Composite Electrodes Applied for Electrochemical Sensors; F. Manea et al.- Photonic Sensors for Health and Environmental Monitoring; A. Aksnes.- Sensors Based on Technology "Nano-on-Micro" for Wireless Instruments Preventing Ecological and Industrial Catastrophes; A. Vasiliev et al.- Development of a Parallel-Computing Embedded Telemetry System for Voltammetric Microsensor and Biosensor Applications; M Hebel and P. A. Serra.- Inductively Coupled Telemetry; G. Horler.- Applications To Environment, Health And Security. Biosensors; A. A. Karyakin.- Bacteria Detection - Biosensors; G. S. Ignatov et al.- Surface Chemistry to Bridge Inorganic Biosensor Surfaces and Biological Materials; K. Jans et al.- Singlet Oxygen Generation and Detection for Biomedical Applications;V. Timoshenko.- Response of Nerve Cell to Inhibitor Recorded by Aluminium-Gallium-Nitride FET; M. Gebinoga et al.-. Microelectronics-Based Biosensors for the Detection of Proteins and Nucleic Acids; W.Laureyn and L. Lagae.- Bionano-Microbiology; G. S. Ignatov et al.- Optical Sensors for Carbon Dioxide and their Applications; A. Mills.- Oxygen Indicators in Food Packaging;I A. Mills.- Sensory Conversion Devices; P. Medelius.- Development of Biological Sensors Based on Screen-Printed Electrodes for Environmental Pollution Monitoring; A.-M Gurban et al.- Development of Flow Immunosensors for Organic Pollutants; J. A. Gabaldon et al.- Sensors for Monitoring Air Quality in Earth and Space Environments; P. Medelius,- Determination of the Mutagenie Effects of Pollution by AMES and Neural Networks; M Petek and B. Karlik.- Polyaniline-Based Environmental Gas Sensors; A. Haynes and P.-I. Gouma.-. Sensor Science for National Security; E. Hardy et al.- Radiation and Nuclear Materials Detection Research and Development at ORNL; J. Hardy and M Wright.- Author Index, Subject Index."
The NATO Advanced Study Institute on “Sensors for Environment, Health and Security: Advanced Materials and Technology” was held in Vichy (France) on September 16–27, 2007 where more than 65 participants, ranging from Ph. D. students to experienced senior scientists, met and exchanged ideas and know-how in a friendly atmosphere. The present book intends to cover the main topics of this NATO ASI through 32 chapters distributed over two parts (Part I: “Materials and Technologies” and Part II: “Applications to Environment, Health and Security”). The scientific programme of the NATO ASI consisted in 28 1-hour lectures given by 14 invited lecturers, 5 additional 1-hour lectures given by seminar speakers, 22 oral presentations by selected ASI participants and a poster session. The programme was divided into four sessions: (1) Advanced materials and technologies; (2) Sensors for environment; (3) Sensors for health; (4) Sensors for security. During the “Advanced Materials and Technologies” session (Part I of the present book), the lectures were dedicated to critical analyses of current methods for the synthesis of materials, nanomaterials (nanoparticles, nanowires, nanotubes, …) and nanocomposites to be used for the fabrication of sensing devices, mainly semiconductor sensors. Among the synthesis methods, chemical (sol-gel, etc. ) and physical methods (laser deposition, DC magnetron sputtering, etc. ) were discussed. Several lectures addressed characterization techniques and it was concluded that the physical and chemical control of the materials/nanomaterials, including surface chemistry, remains a key issue for the reproducibility of the final device.

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