Engineering Fluid Mechanics

(580 Seiten)
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H. Yamaguchi
85, Fluid Mechanics and Its Applications
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"This book is intended to serve as a unique and comprehensive textbook for scientists and engineers as well as advanced students in thermo-fluid courses. It provides an intensive monograph essential for understanding dynamics of ideal fluid, Newtonian fluid, non-Newtonian fluid and magnetic fluid. These distinct, yet intertwined subjects are addressed in an integrated manner. It starts with coherent treatment of fundamental continuum mechanics, with an emphasis on the intrinsic angular momentum, by which the concepts of ferrohydrodynamics are progressively built up, and serve as a foundation for later development. Flows of ideal and Newtonian fluids are followed by a detailed presentation of basic continuum equations for applications of fluid engineering, which cover the design and operations of various turbomachines, heat exchangers and flow elements. The study of the deformation and flow of matter, namely rheology, is discussed primarily with regard to the stresses generated during the flow of complex materials, which are represented by viscoelastic fluids. Throughout the book, the first priority is to illustrate the utilization of constitutive equations (relations) in order to facilitate an understanding of the physical flow phenomena and mechanisms. Moreover, it enables readers to classify flows and specific engineering problems, which can then be identified and formulated.
Introduction; Preface; 1. Fundamentals in Continuum Mechanics; 1.1 Dynamics of fluid motion; 1.2 Dynamics in rotating reference frame; 1.3 Material objectivity and convective derivatives; 1.4 Displacement gradient and relative strain; 1.5 Reynold's transport theorem; 1.6 Forces on volume element; Exercise; Problems; Bibliography; Nomenclature for chapter 1; 2. Conservation equations in continuum mechanics; 2.1 Mass conservation; 2.2 Linear momentum conservation; 2.3 Angular momentum conservation; 2.4 Energy conservation; 2.5 Thermodynamic relations; Exercise; Problems; Bibliography; Nomenclature for chapter 2; 3. Fundamental Treatment for Fluid Engineering; 3.1 Fluid static; 3.1 Fluid-fluid interfaces; Exercise; Problems; Bibliography; Nomenclature for chapter 3; 4. Perfect flow; 4.1 Potential and inviscid flows; Exercise; Problems; 4.2 General theories of turbomachinery; 4.2.1 Moment of momentum theory; 4.2.2 Airfoil theory; 4.2.3 Efficiency and similarity rules of turbomachinery; 4.2.4 Cavitation; Exercise; Problems; Bibliography; Nomenclature for chapter 4; 5. Compressible flow; 5.1 Speed of sound and Mach number; 5.2 Isoentropic flow; 5.3 Fanno and Reyleigh lines; 5.4 Normal shock waves; 5.5 Oblique shock wave; Exercise; Problems; Bibliography; Nomenclature for chapter 5; 6. Newtonian flow; 6.1 Navier-Stokes Equation; Problems; 6.2 Similitude and Nondimensionalization; Exercise; Problems; 6.3 Basic flows derived from Navier-Stokes equation; 6.3.1 Unidirectional flow in a gap space; 6.3.2 Lubrication theory; 6.3.3 Flow around sphere; Problems; 6.4 Flow through pipe; 6.4.1 Entrance flow; 6.4.2 Fully developed flow pipe; 6.4.3 Transient Hagen-Poiseuille flow in pipe; Exercise; Problems; 6.5 Laminar boundary layer theory; 6.5.1 Flow over a flat plate; 6.5.2 Integral Analysis of Boundary Layer equation; 6.5.3 Boundary layer separation; 6.5.4 Integral relation for thermal energy; Exercise; Problems; 6.6Turbulent flow; 6.6.1 Turbulence models; 6.6.2 Turbulence heat transfer; Exercise; Problems; Bibliography; Nomenclature for chapter 6; 7. Non-Newtonian fluid and flow; 7.1 Non-Newtonian fluid and generalized Newtonian fluid flow; 7.1.1 Rheological classifications; 7.1.2 Generalized Newtonian fluid flow; Exercise; Problems; 7.2 Standard flow and material functions; 7.2.1 Simple shear flow; 7.2.2 Shearfree flow; 7.2.3 Oscillatory rheometric flow; 7.2.4 Viscometric flow in rheomery; Exercise; Problems; 7.3 Viscoelastic fluid and flow; 7.3.1 Linear viscoelastic rheological equation; 7.3.2 Linear and nonlinear viscoelastic models; 7.3.3 Viscoelastic models to standard flow and application to some engineering flow problems; UCM, CRM and Giesekus equation; Unidirectional basic flow problems; Exercise; Problems; Bibliography; Nomenclature for chapter 7; 8. Magnetic fluid and flow; 8.1 Thermophysical properties; Exercise; Problems; 8.2 Ferrohydrodynamics equation; Exercise; Problems; 8.3 Basic flows and applications; 8.3.1 Generalized Bernoulli equation; 8.3.2 Hydrostatics; 8.3.3 Thermoconvective phenomena; Exercise; Problems; Bibliography; Nomenclature for chapter 8
This book is intended for advanced engineering students in university or college and could serve as a reference for practical engineers. In recent years the development of fluid machineries has required a wider range of study in order to achieve a new level of developmental and conceptual progress. The field of fluid engineering is quite diverse in the sense that so many variations of flow exist in fluid machinery or an installation, whose characteristics are wholly dependent upon the flow field which is det- mined by the function of the machine setting itself. One who is studying fluid engineering, for the purpose of gaining a working knowledge of fluid machineries and their relevant installations, must understand not only the type of fluids used in practice, but also the fundamental flow problems - sociated with actual fluid machineries. Hence, the intended purpose of this book is to provide the fundamental and physical aspects of fluid mechanics and to develop engineering practice for fluid machineries. The subject of fluid engineering is most often approached at the senior undergraduate or postgraduate level of study. At this stage, the student or practical engineer is assumed to already have a basic mathematical ba- ground of vector and tensor analysis with a fair understanding of elem- tary fluid mechanics, such as Bernoulli equation, potential flow, and Poiseuille flow.

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