Social Psychology of Punishment of Crime

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(468 Seiten)
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ISBN-13:
9781119161196
Einband:
E-Book
Seiten:
468
Autor:
Margit E. Oswald
eBook Typ:
Adobe Digital Editions
eBook Format:
E-Book
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

In recent years, research interest has increased both in the needs of punishment by the public and in the psychological processes underlying decisions on sentencing. This comprehensive look at the social psychology of punishment focuses on recent advances, and presents new findings based on the authors' own empirical research. Chapters explore the application of social psychology and social cognitive theories to decision making in the context of punishments by judges and the punitiveness of laymen. The book also highlights the different legal systems in the UK, US and Europe, discussing how attitudes to punishment can change in the context of cultural and social development.
Contributors.
Foreword (Neil Vidmar).

Introduction (Margit E. Oswald, Steffen Bieneck and JörgHupfeld-Heinemann).

PART I: Attitudes towards Punishment and Legal Sanctions in aChanging Society.

1 The diversity of nations and legal systems -contrasting the Dutch and the Americans (Peter J. vanKoppen).

2 New approaches to justice in the light of virtues andproblems of the penal system (Tom R. Tyler).

3 Psychological perspectives on the place of restorativejustice in criminal justice systems (Dena M. Gromet).

4 Punitive public attitudes: a threat to the legitimacyof the criminal justice system (Jan W. de Keijser and HenkElffers)?

5 Punishment attitudes: their social and psychologicalbases (John Duckitt).

6 Criminal society and criminal immigrants: a socialconstruction of reality by mass media (Michael Windzio andMatthias Kleimann)?

7 Public opinion and the death penalty (James D.Unnever and Francis T. Cullen).

PART II: Moral Reasoning and Reactions to Crime.

8 Justice and revenge (Mario Gollwitzer).

9 Emotions and legal judgements: normative issues andempirical findings (Ute Gabriel).

10 A two-process model of punishment (Margit E. Oswaldand Ingrid Stucki).

11 Punitive damages: a vehicle for punishment in civilcases (Brian H. Bornstein, Timothy R. Robicheaux andSarah Thimsen).

12 Offenders' social categorization: ingroup biasor black sheep effect (Jan-Willem van Prooijen)?

13 Measuring attitudes to sentencing and sentencinggoals (Loretta J. Stalans).

14 How adequate is the vignette technique as a researchtool for psycho-legal research (Steffen Bieneck)?

PART III: Impact of Heuristics and Biases on Decision Makingin the Context of Crime.

15 Models of decision making on guilt and sanctions(Jörg Hupfeld-Heinemann and Bettina von Helversen).

16 Heuristic strategies and persistent biases insentencing decisions (Birte Englich).

17 Biased memory, biased verdicts: memory effects injuror judgments (Kristi A. Costabile).

18 A social-cognitive perspective on attrition rates insexual assault cases (Barbara Krahé and AnjaBerger).

19 How knowledge about the defendant's previousconvictions influences judgments of guilt (Margit E.Oswald).

20 Disparities in sentencing decisions (Siegfried L.Sporer and Jane Goodman-Delahunty).

PART IV: Consequences of Sentencing.

21 The consequences of legal punishment (StefanSuhling and Werner Greve).

22 The effects of legal involvement on crimevictims' psychological adjustment (Ulrich Orth).

Index.
Inhaltsangabe"Systematic research on the social psychological functions of punishment has been scarce, and this broad-gauged and comprehensive edited volume brings together many excellent chapters on active research programs being conducted in Europe and America. The editors have brought together a book that is now where punishment scholars will go to acquaint themselves with work that relates to their own lines of inquiry. Others will go to learn what is happening in what is now a fast-moving and exciting research area. Our gratitude to the editors."
"John Darley, Warren Professor of Psychology and Public Affairs, Princeton University, USA

"Social Psychology of Punishment of Crime is a tour de force of cutting edge research in the psychology of punishment. The editors have assembled the unique international perspectives of rising stars and established experts from Psychology, Sociology and Criminology in single complete volume. The work is both empirical and theoretical, and readers will find it to be fresh and enduring."
"Kevin M. Carlsmith, Assistant Professor of Psychology, Colgate University, USA

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