Pre-Earthquake Processes

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Earthquake Prediction Studies
E-Book
(384 Seiten)
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ISBN-13:
9781119156956
Einband:
E-Book
Seiten:
384
Autor:
Dimitar Ouzounov
Serie:
1, Geophysical Monograph Series
eBook Typ:
Adobe Digital Editions
eBook Format:
E-Book
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

Pre-Earthquake signals are advanced warnings of a larger seismic event. A better understanding of these processes can help to predict the characteristics of the subsequent mainshock. Pre-Earthquake Processes: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Earthquake Prediction Studies presents the latest research on earthquake forecasting and prediction based on observations and physical modeling in China, Greece, Italy, France, Japan, Russia, Taiwan, and the United States.
Volume highlights include:
* Describes the earthquake processes and the observed physical signals that precede them
* Explores the relationship between pre-earthquake activity and the characteristics of subsequent seismic events
* Encompasses physical, atmospheric, geochemical, and historical characteristics of pre-earthquakes
* Illustrates thermal infrared, seismo-ionospheric, and other satellite and ground-based pre-earthquake anomalies
* Applies these multidisciplinary data to earthquake forecasting and prediction

Written for seismologists, geophysicists, geochemists, physical scientists, students and others, Pre-Earthquake Processes: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Earthquake Prediction Studies offers an essential resource for understanding the dynamics of pre-earthquake phenomena from an international and multidisciplinary perspective.
Contributors vii

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xiii

Part I: Historical Development of Pre-Earthquake Phenomena Studies

1 International Cooperation in Pre?]Earthquake Studies: History and New Directions 3
Seiya Uyeda and Toshiyasu Nagao

2 Earthquake Precursor Studies in Japan 7
Masashi Hayakawa

3 Pre?]Earthquake Observations and Their Application in Earthquake Prediction in China: A Review of Historical and Recent Progress 19
Hui Wang, Yongxian Zhang, Jie Liu, Xuhui Shen, Huaizhong Yu, Zaisen Jiang, and Guomin Zhang

4 Multidisciplinary Earthquake Precursor Studies in Taiwan: A Review and Future Prospects 41
Yi?]Ben Tsai, Jann?]Yenq(Tiger) Liu, Tzay?]Chyn Shin, Hong?]Yuan Yen, and Chieh?]Hung Chen

5 Contributions to a History of Earthquake Prediction Research 67
Giovanni Martinelli

Part II: Latest Physical Models and Concepts of Pre-Earthquake Processes

6 Lithosphere-Atmosphere-Ionosphere-Magnetosphere Coupling--A Concept for Pre?]Earthquake Signals Generation 79
Sergey Pulinets, Dimitar Ouzounov, Alexander Karelin, and Dmitry Davidenko

7 Electrical Coupling Between the Ionosphere and Surface Charges in the Earthquake Fault Zone 99
Cheng?]Ling Kuo, Yi?]Ying Ho, and Lou?]Chuang Lee

Part III: Pre-Earthquake Seismic Phenomena

8 Short?]Term Foreshocks and Earthquake Prediction 127
Gerassimos Papadopoulos, George Minadakis, and Katerina Orfanogiannaki

9 Recent Developments in the Detection of Seismicity Patterns for the Italian Region 149
Antonella Peresan

10 Combining Probabilistic Seismicity Models with Precursory Information 173
Peter Shebalin

Part IV: Ground Geochemical and Electromagnetic Observations of Major Seismicity

11 Continuous Monitoring of Fluid and Gas Geochemistry for Seismic Study in Taiwan 199
Ching?]Chou Fu and Lou?]Chuang Lee

12 Geochemical and Fluid?]Related Precursors of Earthquakes: Previous and Ongoing Research Trends 219
Giovanni Martinelli and Andrea Dadomo

13 Statistical Analysis and Assessment of Ultralow Frequency Magnetic Signals in Japan As Potential Earthquake Precursors 229
Katsumi Hattori and Peng Han

Part V: Atmospheric/Thermal Signals Associated with Major Earthquakes

14 Robust Satellite Techniques for Detecting Preseismic Thermal Anomalies 243
Valerio Tramutoli, Carolina Filizzola, Nicola Genzano, and Mariano Lisi

15 Thermal Radiation Anomalies Associated with Major Earthquakes 259
Dimitar Ouzounov, Sergey Pulinets, Menas C. Kafatos, and Patrick Taylor

Part VI: Ionospheric Processes Associated with Major Earthquakes

16 Very?]Low?] to Low?]Frequency Sounding of Ionospheric Perturbations and Possible Association with Earthquakes 277
Masashi Hayakawa, Tomokazu Asano, Alexander Rozhnoi, and Maria Solovieva

17 Application of Total Electron Content Derived from the Global Navigation Satellite System for Detecting Earthquake Precursors 305
Jann?]Yenq (Tiger) Liu, Katsumi Hattori, and Yuh?]Ing Chen

18 Statistical Analysis of the Ionospheric Density Recorded by the DEMETER Satellite During Seismic Activity 319
Michel Parrot and Mei Li

Part VII: Interdisciplinary Approach to Earthquake Forecasts/Predictions

19 Significant Cases of Preseismic Thermal Infrared Anomalies 331
Valerio Tramutoli, Nicola Genzano, Mariano Lisi, and Nicola Pergola

20 Multiparameter Assessment of Pre?]Earthquake Atmospheric Signals 339
Dimitar Ouzounov, Sergey Pulinets, Jann?]Yenq (Tiger) Liu, Katsumi Hattori, and Peng Han

Index 361
Pre-Earthquake signals are advanced warnings of a larger seismic event. A better understanding of these processes can help to predict the characteristics of the subsequent mainshock. Pre-Earthquake Processes: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Earthquake Prediction Studies presents the latest research on earthquake forecasting and prediction based on observations and physical modeling in China, Greece, Italy, France, Japan, Russia, Taiwan, and the United States. Volume highlights include: Describes the earthquake processes and the observed physical signals that precede them Explores the relationship between pre-earthquake activity and the characteristics of subsequent seismic events Encompasses physical, atmospheric, geochemical, and historical characteristics of pre-earthquakes Illustrates thermal infrared, seismo ionospheric, and other satellite and ground-based pre-earthquake anomalies Applies these multidisciplinary data to earthquake forecasting and prediction Written for seismologists, geophysicists, geochemists, physical scientists, students and others, Pre-Earthquake Processes: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Earthquake Prediction Studies offers an essential resource for understanding the dynamics of pre-earthquake phenomena from an international and multidisciplinary perspective.

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