On the Frontlines

Gender, War, and the Post-Conflict Process
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ISBN-13:
9780199910052
Einband:
PDF
Seiten:
0
Autor:
Fionnuala Ni Aolain
eBook Typ:
PDF
eBook Format:
PDF
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

Gender oppression has been a feature of war and conflict throughout human history, yet until fairly recently, little attention was devoted to addressing the consequences of violence and discrimination experienced by women in post-conflict states. Thankfully, that is changing. Today, in a variety of post-conflict settings--the former Yugoslavia, Afghanistan, Colombia, Northern Ireland --international advocates for women's rights have focused bringing issues of sexual violence, discrimination and exclusion into peace-making processes. In On the Frontlines, Fionnuala N Aolin, Dina Francesca Haynes, and Naomi Cahn consider such policies in a range of cases and assess the extent to which they have had success in improving women's lives. They argue that there has been too little success, and that this is in part a product of a focus on schematic policies like straightforward political incorporation rather than a broader and deeper attempt to alter the cultures and societies that are at the root of much of the violence and exclusions experienced by women. They contend that this broader approach would not just benefit women, however. Gender mainstreaming and increased gender equality has a direct correlation with state stability and functions to preclude further conflict. If we are to have any success in stabilizing failing states, gender needs to move to fore of our efforts. With this in mind, they examine the efforts of transnational organizations, states and civil society in multiple jurisdictions to place gender at the forefront of all post-conflict processes. They offer concrete analysis and practical solutions to ensuring gender centrality in all aspects of peace making and peace enforcement.
Gender oppression has been a feature of war and conflict throughout human history, yet until fairly recently, little attention was devoted to addressing the consequences of violence and discrimination experienced by women in post-conflict states. Thankfully, that is changing. Today, in a variety of post-conflict settings--the former Yugoslavia, Afghanistan, Colombia, Northern Ireland --international advocates for women's rights have focused bringing issues of sexual violence, discrimination and exclusion into peace-making processes. In On the Frontlines, Fionnuala N Aolin, Dina Francesca Haynes, and Naomi Cahn consider such policies in a range of cases and assess the extent to which they have had success in improving women's lives. They argue that there has been too little success, and that this is in part a product of a focus on schematic policies like straightforward political incorporation rather than a broader and deeper attempt to alter the cultures and societies that are at the root of much of the violence and exclusions experienced by women. They contend that this broader approach would not just benefit women, however. Gender mainstreaming and increased gender equality has a direct correlation with state stability and functions to preclude further conflict. If we are to have any success in stabilizing failing states, gender needs to move to fore of our efforts. With this in mind, they examine the efforts of transnational organizations, states and civil society in multiple jurisdictions to place gender at the forefront of all post-conflict processes. They offer concrete analysis and practical solutions to ensuring gender centrality in all aspects of peace making and peace enforcement.
Introduction
Key Threads and Themes
Gender Centrality
Relevant International Norms

Part I - Conflict and its Dynamics

Chapter 1 - Before, During and After Conflict - The Connections for Women
Mapping the Status of Women Prior to Conflict
Some Relevant Measures
Gender, Law, and Social Capital
A Practical Assessment of the Before and After

Chapter 2 - Gender and the Forms and Experiences of Conflict
Women as Political and Military Actors
Violence, Women, and Victimization
Masculinities and Conflict

Part II - Towards Peace

Chapter 3 - The Significance of Security: Realizing Peace
Is Gender Central to Security?
Security Reform and Transition
Critique of Mainstream Approaches to the Concept of Post-Conflict Security
So Where is Gender in Security Reform?
Security Reform, Transition, and Transnational Interests
A New Paradigm of Gendered Security

Chapter 4 - Engendering International Intervention
International Interventions
The Actors
Towards Gender Positive Intervention
Capturing and Retaining Gender Equity Achieved During War

Chapter 5 - Peacekeeping
Parameters and Status of Peacekeeping Missions
Masculinities of Peacekeeping
Positive and Negative Lessons Learned from Peacekeeping Missions
Positives and Negatives of Employment and Economic Stimulus
Sexual Violence and Peacekeeping Missions
What Would Gender-Positive Peacekeeping Address?
Legal Accountability
Codes of Conduct
Added Gender Roles in Peacekeeping

Chapter 6 - Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Programs (DDR)
DDR Programs: What Happens?
The Power of Gender and DDR
Deconstructing DDR Programs
Reconstructing DDR Programs
Attention to Masculinities
The Ways Forward

Chapter 7 - International and Local Criminal Accountability for Gendered Violence
Sex-Based Violence and Accountability in International Law
The Legal Journey to Codify Gendered Crimes in Armed Conflicts
Evidentiary Rules and Sexual Violence
Other Accountability Mechanisms - Restorative Justice and Other Practices

Chapter 8 - Remedies
Truth Processes
The Gendered Dimensions of Truth Recovery
How Can Truth Recovery Mechanisms Centralize Gender?
Reparations
Lustration, Vetting, and Gender

Chapter 9 - Law Reform, Constitutional Design, and Gender
Gender and the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Societies
Constitutional Transformation and Post-Conflict Processes
Process: Peace Agreements as Constitutional Documents
Constitutional Gender Centrality - Substance and Export
Reproductive Rights

Part III - Reconstruction and Development

Chapter 10 - Gender and Governance
Post Conflict Governance
Institution Building
Governance Conflated with Economic Reconstruction and Democratization
Gendering Governance

Chapter 11 - Development Infrastructure: Economics, Health and Education
The Differing Directions of Post-conflict and Development Fields
Gender Centrality in Development
Social Services Justice as the Integration of Post Conflict
Processes and Development
Long-term Development
Gender oppression has been a feature of war and conflict throughout human history, yet until fairly recently, little attention was devoted to addressing the consequences of violence and discrimination experienced by women in post-conflict states. Thankfully, that is changing. Today, in a variety of post-conflict settings--the former Yugoslavia, Afghanistan, Colombia, Northern Ireland --international advocates for women's rights have focused bringing issues of sexual violence, discrimination and exclusion into peace-making processes.

In On the Frontlines, Fionnuala Ní Aoláin, Dina Francesca Haynes, and Naomi Cahn consider such policies in a range of cases and assess the extent to which they have had success in improving women's lives. They argue that there has been too little success, and that this is in part a product of a focus on schematic policies like straightforward political incorporation rather than a broader and deeper attempt to alter the cultures and societies that are at the root of much of the violence and exclusions experienced by women. They contend that this broader approach would not just benefit women, however. Gender mainstreaming and increased gender equality has a direct correlation with state stability and functions to preclude further conflict. If we are to have any success in stabilizing failing states, gender needs to move to fore of our efforts. With this in mind, they examine the efforts of transnational organizations, states and civil society in multiple jurisdictions to place gender at the forefront of all post-conflict processes. They offer concrete analysis and practical solutions to ensuring gender centrality in all aspects of peace making and peace enforcement.

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